1. What is Project Finance?
Project Finance is the financing of long-term. It includes industrial and infrastructure projects. Along with public services using a limited recourse financial structure. Thus, project finance in India addresses the funding requirements for the exclusive project. We can say that in Project funding, the project is secure when the project has been completed. The revenue generated by it will be used to repay the loan. Project financing relies on the project’s cash flow for repayment. The project’s assets, rights, and interests are held as secondary collateral.
2. What are the characteristics of Project Finance?
a. Non-recourse Financing
Non-recourse financing is one in which borrowers and shareholders of the borrower have no personal liability in case of monetary default. So, any recourse lender will be limited primarily or entirely to the project assets. It is if the project company defaults on the debt.
b. Project Finance Documents
Project financing requires a detailed project report. So, It is a very important document to take the proposal ahead.
c. Many Project Participants
Project Finance in India is generally used for the long term. So, large-scaled and several project participants were involved. This is helpful for the smooth running of the project financing process. Financial institutions don’t want to be in a position where the failure of one project or one borrower is large enough to cause their failure. Thus, having several project participants is useful.
d. Capital-Intensive Projects
Project financing involves large amounts of funding. It is generally used to fund major international development and infrastructure projects. Thus, it finances capital-intensive projects.
e. Special Purpose Vehicle
The SPV checks the proceedings of the project. It also maintains a line of sight at the assets. Asset allocation proceeds after the completion of the project. It is regarding the Special Purpose Vehicle which monitors all the processes.
f. Revenue from the completed project used for Repayment
The cash flow generated in Project Financing is used for the repayment of the loan.
3. What is the importance of Project Financing?
In the past few years, global interest in Project Financing as a tool for economic investment has increased. Project finance helps finance new investments. It is structuring the finance around the project’s cash flow and assets. Generally without any additional sponsor guarantees. It also alleviates investment risk and raises finance at a relatively lower cost. Thus, benefiting the sponsor and investor.
a. Retains Confidentiality
Financing projects through Project Finance enables the sponsors to retain the confidentiality of vital information. It is regarding the project which gets finance. It helps them to keep up with the competitive market through competitive advantage.
b. Extending the debt capacity
The debt may not fall on one lending institution or investment firm due to the presence of multiple entities. So the debt capacity increases due to syndication in Project Financing.
c. Free Cash Flow and no conflicts
Through Project financing, the fund provider manages the free cash flow. That is left over after paying the operational and maintenance expenses and other statutory payments. The project company has a finite life. It limits the project. There are usually no conflicts of interest between investors and the management of the company.
Learn more about Project funding for Indian Enterprises.
How do you get Project Finance in India?
Step 1) Pre-Financing
a. Identification of the Project Plan
In this stage, the lender primarily ensures that the project plan is aligned with the goals of the financial services company. This step includes identifying the strategic plan of the project and analyzing whether it’s reasonable or not.
b. Check and Minimise Risks
The lender should check the risks involved in the project. Whether the project has resources to avoid any risks. So, risk management is essential before the lender begins the Project Financing venture.
c. Analyze the Project Feasibility
When a lender decides to invest in a project, he should check if the project is financially and technically feasible. So, This can be done by analyzing several factors in the project.
Step 2) Financing
a. Arranging Finances
Financing the Project is a crucial part. The sponsor should get a loan from a financial institution. Thus, those objectives and goals are in line with that of the project.
b. Negotiation of the Loan
Negotiating is an important part of Project Financing. Thus, the lender and the borrower negotiate the funding until they reach a solid agreement.
c. Documents and Verification
The lender and the borrower mutually decide the terms and conditions of the loan. So, once decided, the terms of the loan, then documentation takes place.
d. Disbursement of the Loan
The borrower receives the funding after negotiation. Thus, The process should complete documentation too.
Step 3) Post-Financing
a. Monitoring of the Project
The project manager manages the project. So, he monitors it in a timely and organized manner.
b. End of the project and Repayment
It is necessary to keep track of the cash flow from its operations. This is because of the funds from the cash flow. So, the revenue will be used to repay the project funding.
Understand the Project Finance process from a case study.